# Tools & Materials

- Shovel
- Garden Rake
- Carpenter’s Level
- Measuring Tape
- Rubber Mallet
- Mason’s Line
- Line Level
- Work Gloves
- Tamper
- Utility Knife
- Sledgehammer
- Paving Bricks
- Gravel
- Builder’s Sand
- 2 x 4 Boards
- Landscaping Fabric
- 8 Stakes
- Edging

To estimate the amount of material you need for the patio, measure the length and width. Multiply the two numbers together to get the square footage of your patio.

Example: A 10-foot-by-10-foot area is 100 square feet.

Amount of Gravel

For 4 inches of gravel, you’ll need to calculate the volume. Length x Width x Height = Volume

Example: For a 10-foot-by-10-foot patio with 4 inches of gravel, you’ll need (10 x 10 x .333) = 34 cubic feet or 1.25 cubic yards.

Amount of Sand

Once you have the amount of gravel needed, calculate the amount of sand. You’ll need 1 inch of sand above the gravel base. You must allow for sand to filter into the gravel base and space between bricks.

Example: For a 10-foot-by-10-foot patio, 1.25 cubic yards of gravel is needed. Multiply 1.25 x .333 to calculate the amount of sand needed. You’ll need .42 cubic yards or 11 cubic feet of sand.

Number of Bricks

Standard brick pavers measure 4 inches by 8 inches. To cover 10 square feet, you’ll need about 45 pavers. A surplus of 5% to 10% is recommended to allow for breakage and future repairs.

Example: For a 10-foot-by-10-foot patio, the patio is 100 square feet.

45/10 = 4.5 and 4.5 (100) = 450 bricks

Add 5% to 10% for breakage. 450 x .10 = 45. So you’ll need 495 bricks to do a 10-foot-by-10-foot patio.

If you’re using pavers that aren’t the standard size, find out the surface area of your material. Take that number and divide it into the surface area of the patio for the number of units needed.